City meeting over Carpenter Street artifacts set for Monday

By Seth A. Richardson, State Capitol Bureau

Posted May 7, 2015 at 4:04 PM
Updated May 7, 2015 at 5:21 PM

The city of Springfield will hold a meeting Monday to gather public comments on what to do with a historically significant site unearthed near the 10th Street rail project.Remnants of houses relating to the 1908 Springfield Race Riot were found in October on Carpenter Street between Ninth and 10th streets during construction of a rail underpass. Since their discovery, community groups and minority state lawmakers have said there has been a lack of transparency from the city on what is happening with the artifacts.

An Illinois House committee met Thursday to gather more information about the site. Rep. Al Riley, D-Olympia Fields, said it’s the start of bringing the public into the fold.

“Talking about the historic nature of this site, and talking about the future of rail traffic that we also want to see, I think what we should do is proceed with a sense of coming together,” he said. “Everything can come together if we work together.

Further excavation is on hold as both state and federal authorities decide how to handle the site, which could be preserved as is or moved to another location. The dig itself will not affect the rail project since the site is far enough south of the underpass.

Kevin Seals, chief environmental scientist for Hanson Professional Services, the company overseeing the Carpenter Street work, said in testimony before the committee that it will be months before there is a final report on how to handle the excavation.

The city held a meeting March 10 to gather recommendations for the site, but the Rev. T. Ray McJunkins of the Faith Coalition for the Common Good said public input was limited.

“The last public meeting that took place, though it was a public meeting, the public had very limited say-so in that,” said McJunkins, who ran unsuccessfully for city council in last month’s election. “Ultimately, we signed cards, made comments and dropped the cards in boxes.

Incoming Mayor Jim Langfelder, who plans to attend Monday’s meeting, said the process going forward will be transparent.

“Not just this project, but with anything, we’re going to make sure that we’re being accessible to the public as much as possible,” he said.

Rep. Tim Butler, R-Springfield, said the process has been collaborative, but he hopes Langfelder taking office will alleviate some of the concerns.

“I do think it’s a new day in Springfield with Mayor Langfelder taking over,” Butler said. “There’s some willingness on all sides to make sure there’s transparency and information is given when requested.

The Carpenter Street site is believed to be one of the earliest settlements for Portuguese immigrants in the Midwest. By the early 1900s, the neighborhood of immigrants and black residents had become known as “The Badlands.”

The locale was the epicenter of an August 1908 riot over the transfer of two inmates at the Sangamon County Jail. A white woman accused a black man of sexual assault — a claim she later recanted.

Mobs wreaked havoc on the community for two days, burning black-owned businesses and houses — including the houses found on Carpenter Street — and killed at least seven people. Two black men, including an 80-year-old acquaintance of Abraham Lincoln, were lynched.

“Whether or not we’re proud in this point in our history, it is a part of our history,” Butler said. “To have these race riots take place in Abraham Lincoln’s hometown certainly impacted our nation and is a part of the fabric of this community that needs to be told.”

The riots in part led to the formation of the NAACP, the nation’s oldest civil rights group, in 1909.

Monday’s meeting will take place from 5 to 7 p.m. in Room B11D of the Prairie Capital Convention Center.

State Journal Register News story link:

State lawmakers want information about Carpenter Street artifacts

Excavation of near the intersection of Madision and 10th Streets in Springfield as part of the rail relocation project unearthed the remains of seven home sites dating back to the mid-1800s. Photo courtesy Floyd Mansberger.
Excavation of near the intersection of Madision and 10th Streets in Springfield as part of the rail relocation project unearthed the remains of seven home sites dating back to the mid-1800s. Photo courtesy Floyd Mansberger.

By Doug Finke – State Capitol Bureau

A group of minority lawmakers alleged Thursday that archaeological artifacts uncovered as part of the Carpenter Street railroad underpass project were kept under wraps after their discovery.

At a Statehouse news conference, Rep. Al Riley, D-Olympia Fields, referred to what he said was “a conscious embargoing of information” regarding artifacts that were uncovered and linked to the infamous 1908 race riots in Springfield.

Riley said “there’s information that was given to me” that the artifacts were discovered in late summer but were not publicly revealed until January.

“There’s a large period of time between when the artifacts were found and when notice was actually given,” Riley said. “No one wants to stop the project, but I want to see the people of Springfield get the kind of notice and notification they deserve.”

However, Kevin Seals, chief environmental scientist for Hanson Professional Services, the Springfield firm overseeing the project, said the process for determining what to do with the archaeological finds is just beginning. He said workers started doing archaeological surveys for the project in late September and early October. Along with some “minor artifacts,” the foundations of seven homes built in the 1840s and 1850s were uncovered. Further research determined five of the homes were burned in the race riots.

Seals said the discovery was reported to the Federal Railroad Administration, the lead agency on the project. A meeting was held last week at the Prairie Capital Convention Center to get input from groups about what to do with the site.

“Before we further dig to find out if there is anything of value or interest to various organizations, they need to be notified and a group needs to be pulled together to determine how we further mitigate the site,” Seals said.

The options could include continuing to dig, preserving it as is or erecting a marker.

“That’s what we want to work with the public on,” Seals said.

He said the entire process could take 18 to 24 months before a final report on the findings is completed.

“We’ve just scratched the surface of what might be at the site,” Seals said. “All of the artifacts need to be sorted and cleaned and identified, and that is a very time-consuming process.”

The archaeological finds will not delay the project itself, Seals said. The site is south of the underpass and in an area that will be needed for relocated tracks eventually. The underpass is an early step in the long-term plan to consolidate rail traffic on the 10th Street corridor.

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